Background & aims: Infliximab is an effective treatment for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis (UC). Little is known about patient-related factors that might be used to predict endoscopic healing with infliximab therapy.
Methods: We analyzed data from 484 patients included in the randomized trials of the effects of infliximab therapy for patients with UC (Active Ulcerative Colitis Trials [ACT]-1 and ACT-2). We used a 2-compartment population pharmacokinetic model to calculate baseline infliximab clearance. Two multivariable regression models were derived and validated for their ability to identify patients with endoscopic healing (Mayo endoscopic score, ≤1) at weeks 8 and 30, using only baseline variables. We developed a clinical decision support tool (CDST) and calculator to determine the probability of endoscopic healing in patients starting infliximab.